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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (10-2021) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2021, 9(4): 1739-1751 Back to browse issues page
Personality Characteristics and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Individuals with Diabetes and Pre-diabetes Compared to Healthy People
Mahya Alaei-Shahmiri , Mojgan Niknam , Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri , Nakisa Mohammadpour
Department of counseling, Roudehen branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , nicknam.mojgan@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1164 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affecting both the quality of life and mental health of patients. This study aimed to evaluate personality characteristics and cognitive emotion regulation strategies in individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetes compared to the healthy people.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 207 participants (54 males and 153 females), including 70 diabetic, 68 pre-diabetic, and 69 healthy people. To collect data, the Persian version of the NEO Personality Inventory test and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed in SPSS software version 20 and the variables were compared in three groups using multivariate analysis of covariance with a significance level of α = 0.05.
Results: The three groups did not differ in terms of gender distribution; however, their mean age was significantly different (diabetic group: 51.14±10.35, pre-diabetic: 44.79±10.60, healthy: 40.88±10.54 years; P<0.001). There was no significant difference between the three groups in terms of personality characteristics (P>0.05). In cognitive emotion regulation strategies, the mean scores of self-blame and rumination were significantly higher in the diabetic group than in the pre-diabetic and healthy groups (P=0.02 and P=0.009, respectively). The result was the opposite regarding a refocus on planning. Moreover, the mean scores of catastrophizing were significantly higher in the diabetic (12.80±3.17) and pre-diabetic groups (12.49±3.33) than in the healthy group (11.17±3.11; P=0.02).
Conclusion: Using negative cognitive emotion regulation strategies may reduce the mental health of both diabetic patients and pre-diabetes individuals. The findings of the present study confirmed the necessity for psychological counseling as a part of treatment protocols in both diabetic and pre-diabetic patients.
Keywords: Cognitive emotion regulation strategies, Diabetes, Mental health, Personality traits, Pre-diabetes.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/10/20 | Accepted: 2021/12/26 | Published: 2022/02/8
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Research code: A-10-505-1
Ethics code: IR.IAU.SRB.REC.1399.159

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Alaei-Shahmiri M, Niknam M, Alaei-Shahmiri F, Mohammadpour N. Personality Characteristics and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Individuals with Diabetes and Pre-diabetes Compared to Healthy People. J Diabetes Nurs 2021; 9 (4) :1739-1751
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-506-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 4 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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