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:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (5-2020) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2020, 8(2): 1059-1071 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Warm Foot Bath on Peripheral Neuropathy in Diabetic Patients
Farahnaz Farnia, Sedighehalsadat Mokhtari Hasan abad , Masoud Rahmanian
Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , s.sadat.mokhtari@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2474 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major epidemic public health problem of the 20th century. One of the most common complications of DM is peripheral neuropathy. This complication remains a big unsolved challenge for DM patients, endocrinologists, and nurses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a warm foot bath on peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 70 diabetic patients at the Yazd Diabetes Research Center, Yazd, Iran. The study population was selected using the convenience sampling technique. They were randomly assigned into two groups of control (receiving routine care) and intervention (receiving routine care plus a warm foot bath). A warm foot bath was administered for 8 sessions lasting 20 min every other day, over 2 weeks. The data collection tool (i.e., a questionnaire) was completed by interviewing and examination in three phases (i.e., before the intervention and two weeks and one month after the intervention). The data were analyzed in SPSS software.
Results: According to results, the mean neuropathy scores were obtained as 7.24, 4.51, and 4.39 before the intervention, two weeks post-intervention, and one month after the intervention, respectively. Based on the physical examination, these values were estimated at 4.09, 3.12, and 2.90 for the mentioned time points, respectively. With regard to the control group, the mean neuropathy scores in the three phases were respectively 7.48, 7.7, and 6.78 based on the history taking and 4.33, 4.7, and 3.84 according to the physical examination. The results revealed a significant difference between the intervention and control groups in terms of the posttest mean neuropathic score (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Considering the mean changes in peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients, a warm foot bath can be recommended as an effective and simple nonpharmacological and home care intervention. However, it is required to perform further research in this domain.
Keywords: Peripheral neuropathy, Warm foot bath, Randomized clinical trial, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes complication
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Care plan for diabetic foot
Received: 2020/04/11 | Accepted: 2020/06/15 | Published: 2020/05/30
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Farnia F, Mokhtari Hasan abad S, Rahmanian M. Effectiveness of Warm Foot Bath on Peripheral Neuropathy in Diabetic Patients. J Diabetes Nurs 2020; 8 (2) :1059-1071
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-402-en.html

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Volume 8, Issue 2 (5-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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