Introduction: Type II diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that
disrupts the regular flow of life and has important psychological consequences.
Muscle relaxation is associated with reducing mental stress and reducing the secretion
of stress hormones such as cortisol, and this technique can be used as an adjunct
therapy to reduce anxiety and thus control blood glucose in patients. Therefore, the
aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Benson's relaxation method on fasting
blood glucose in patients with type II diabetes.
Materials and Method: This study was a clinical trial. 80 subjects who participated
in this study were included in the study by objective sampling method and randomly
divided into two groups of test and control. Initially, the level of fasting blood glucose
was measured. The experimental group then participated in muscle relaxation training
for II months. After the end of the course, the level of fasting blood glucose was remeasured.
Data were analyzed by independent t-test and paired t-test using SPSS
version 23 software.
Results: According to the findings, there was no significant difference between the
mean fasting blood glucose and control group before intervention (p = 0.35). But after
the intervention, the mean biochemical index of the test group significantly decreased
compared to the control group (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Considering the results of this study and the positive effect of Benson's
relaxation on the reduction of fasting blood glucose levels in diabetic patients, it is
suggested that necessary training for nurses such as nurses about relaxation techniques
and their effects should be provided.