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:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2015) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2015, 3(3): 51-62 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Defense Style, Religiosity, and Perceived Stress among Patients with Type I Diabetes
J Ashoori , A Alipour , Z Arab Salari
Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran , jamal_ashoori@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4884 Views)

Introduction: Stress is a major problem among patients with type I diabetes. In general, stress is affected by several factors, the most important of which are defense style and religiosity. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, defense style, and religiosity among patients with type I diabetes.

Methodology: In this descriptive, analytical, correlational study, all patients with type I diabetes, referring to Gharchak healthcare center in 2015, were recruited. In total, 110 patients were selected via simple random sampling. All subjects completed the defense style questionnaire (DSQ), religiosity questionnaire (RQ), and perceived stress questionnaire (PSQ). For data analysis, Pearson&rsquos correlation test and multivariate regression analysis were performed, using SPSS version 19.0.

Results: The findings showed a significant negative relationship between mature defense style, internal religiosity, and perceived stress among patients with type I diabetes. Moreover, a significant positive relationship was found between immature and neurotic defense styles, external religiosity, and perceived stress among these patients. In the predictive model, mature defense style, neurotic defense style, and internal religiosity predicted 43.81% of variance in perceived stress among patients with type I diabetes (P&le0.01).

Conclusion: Based on the present findings, therapists, counselors, and clinical psychologists should take these factors into account and design appropriate programs to decrease perceived stress among patients with type I diabetes.

Keywords: Defense style, Religiosity, Perceived stress, Type I diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 277 kb]   (1926 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/26 | Accepted: 2015/12/1 | Published: 2015/12/1
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Ashoori J, Alipour A, Arab Salari Z. The Relationship between Defense Style, Religiosity, and Perceived Stress among Patients with Type I Diabetes. J Diabetes Nurs 2015; 3 (3) :51-62
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-127-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 3, Issue 3 (Autumn 2015) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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