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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (2-2022) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2022, 10(1): 1808-1815 Back to browse issues page
Diabetic Retinopathy in Children and Adolescents: A Mini Review
Yousef Alizadeh, Mohammad Hassan Mohammadi, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Setila Dalili
Guilan University of Medical Sciences , setiladalili1346@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (89 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes is a metabolic disease that can lead to severe complications and premature death. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main micro vascular complications of diabetes. Given the importance of this important complication, this study aimed to review diabetic retinopathy in children and adolescents.
Methods: This review article was performed using keywords including general updates of diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy screening, and retinopathy treatment in databases such as Google Scholar, Scopus Clinical Key, PubMed, Medline and CINHAL, SID   from 2000 to 2021, and articles and results were reviewed.
Results: Diabetic retinopathy has various risk factors depending on the age of onset or diagnosis of diabetes, the duration of the disease, and glycemic control. There are various guidelines for its screening. A recent UK guideline recommends annual screening for patients with diabetes aged 12 and more based on the low prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in younger children. Current treatments for diabetic retinopathy include macular photocoagulation (MPC), retinal peripheral photocoagulation (PRP), and drug therapy.
Conclusion: As, diabetes is a major problem in the world which causes a series of long-term systemic complications, it is important to assess ophthalmologic manifestations of diabetic retinopathy in children with diabetes.
Keywords: Diabetes, Diabetic retinopathy, Children.
Full-Text [PDF 533 kb]   (38 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review of Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/12 | Accepted: 2022/05/29 | Published: 2022/05/29
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Alizadeh Y, Mohammadi M H, Hassanzadeh Rad A, Dalili S. Diabetic Retinopathy in Children and Adolescents: A Mini Review. J Diabetes Nurs. 2022; 10 (1) :1808-1815
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-498-en.html

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Volume 10, Issue 1 (2-2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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