:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2019) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2019, 7(1): 672-682 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Effect of Video-based Education on Self-care of Patients with Type II Diabetes
Farhad Naderyanfar, Elham Shahrakimoghadam , Mohammad Amin Heidari, Maryam Soleimani
Zabol University of medical sciences , elhamshahreki@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2556 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by impairments in the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus . The patient’s self-care is regarded as the most important factor in metabolic control in diabetic patients. Therefore, the improvement of self-care behaviors is the first step to control type II diabetes. Accordingly, patient education on self-care behavior is necessary to improve the knowledge and skill of these population. Video-based learning is a method to improve self-care behaviors. As a result, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of video-based learning on self-care behaviors in type II diabetic patients. It is hoped that the results will be used to control this disease.
Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted on 60 diabetic patients referring to the Diabetes Clinic in Zabol. Systematic probable sampling method was performed for sampling and two questionnaires were utilized for collecting demographic and self-control behaviors in diabetic patients. The intervention group received video-based instructions in four sessions while the control group only received routine cares without any instructions. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (Version 24) through paired and independent t-tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the Chi-square test. In addition, P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: According to the results obtained from the independent t-test, there was no statistically significant difference between the intervention  and control groups the pretest scores. However, a significant difference was observed between the    in terms of the posttest scores after the intervention and video-based instructions (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The results revealed that the implementation of video-based learning methods can have an effect on the improvement of self-care behaviors among patients. Therefore, the utilization of these methods by health care providers can be effective in the improvement of self-care behaviors among diabetic patients.

 
Keywords: Diabetes, Self-care, Video-based learning
Full-Text [PDF 751 kb]   (1738 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Diabetic nursing care plane
Received: 2019/02/12 | Accepted: 2019/04/20 | Published: 2019/04/30


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Volume 7, Issue 1 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page