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:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2019) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2019, 7(4): 943-957 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Well-being Therapy on Depression, Self-Management, and Blood Glucose Level in Females with Type II Diabetes
Mahnaz Pajoheshgar, Alireza Rajaei , Gholamreza Khoienejad, Mohammad Hossein Bayazi
Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e-Jam, Iran. , rajaei.46@yahoo.coom
Abstract:   (2138 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases, which also affects individuals' mental and psychological characteristics. This study aimed to investigate the effect of well-being therapy on reducing depression, improving self-management, and controlling the blood glucose level in females with Type II diabetes.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted based on a pretest-posttest design with control and intervention groups. The participants were selected from females with type 2 diabetes referring to Parsian Diabetes Clinic in Mashhad, Iran, during 2018-19. Subsequently, the patients were randomly divided into intervention (n=26) and control (n=26) groups. The intervention group received eight 90-minute sessions of group therapy based on the Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Scale for three months. On the other hand, the control group received no therapeutic intervention. The data were collected before and after the intervention using Beck’s Depression Inventory, Thompson and Toobert’s Self-Management Inventory, and Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test. Moreover, the data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 24).
Results: The results revealed that well-being therapy had a significant effect on depression, self-management, and HbA1c in patients with type II diabetes. Moreover, there was a significant difference between the control and intervention groups (P<0.05) in this study. 
Conclusion: According to the results, well-being therapy is effective in improving self-management, as well as reducing depression and HbA1c levels in patients with type II diabetes. Therefore, it is recommended that this treatment approach be used to help improve the psychological well-being of these patients
Keywords: Depression, Hemoglobin A1c, Self-management, Type II diabetes
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Interventions for diabetes
Received: 2019/12/10 | Accepted: 2020/02/9 | Published: 2020/03/4
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Pajoheshgar M, Rajaei A, Khoienejad G, Bayazi M H. Effect of Well-being Therapy on Depression, Self-Management, and Blood Glucose Level in Females with Type II Diabetes. J Diabetes Nurs. 2019; 7 (4) :943-957
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-382-en.html

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Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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