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:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2019) ::
J Diabetes Nurs 2019, 7(4): 900-914 Back to browse issues page
Determination of Dietary Patterns in Patients with Type II Diabetes and Its Relationship with Body Mass Index in Zabol
Fahimeh Khoushabi, Fatemeh Jalalian Moghadam, Somayeh Bagheri
Zabol University of Medical Sciences , somayeh.bagheri29@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1868 Views)
Introduction: Appropriate dietary pattern plays a leading role in the control and treatment of diabetes. The recent studies have linked specific foods, such as fruits and vegetables, and the quality of carbohydrate intakes, such as high fiber, low glycemic index, and whole-grain intake, to lower risk of type II diabetes. The current research aimed at determining the dietary patterns in patients with type II diabetes and its relationship with body mass index (BMI) in Zabol, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 384 patients with type II diabetes referred to Diabetes Clinique of Zabol. The participants were selected by simple random sampling and the data were collected using a questionnaire, including demographic and anthropometric information. Lipids profiles extracted from files of patients. A semi-quantitative FFQ questionnaire was used to collect the food items consumed by the participants. The data were analyzed in SPSS software (version 19).
Results: As evidenced by the obtained results, three major dietary patterns, including healthy, traditional, and high-protein dietary patterns were identified in the present study. Healthy dietary pattern was associated with lower weight and BMI (P<0.05). Nonetheless, no association was observed between traditional and high-protein dietary patterns with anthropometric indices (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that dietary pattern is associated with the risk of increased weight and BMI. Moreover, the modification of dietary patterns and following a healthy dietary pattern can exert dramatic effects on anthropometric indices and can be used to control type II diabetes.
Keywords: Dietary patterns, Body Mass Index, Type II diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 474 kb]   (839 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nutrition recommendation for
Received: 2019/10/1 | Accepted: 2019/12/17 | Published: 2020/03/4
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Khoushabi F, Jalalian Moghadam F, Bagheri S. Determination of Dietary Patterns in Patients with Type II Diabetes and Its Relationship with Body Mass Index in Zabol. J Diabetes Nurs. 2019; 7 (4) :900-914
URL: http://jdn.zbmu.ac.ir/article-1-367-en.html


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Volume 7, Issue 4 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری دیابت Journal of Diabetes Nursing
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